Exhumation in the city of Teplá (protocol no. 4)

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Description of the documentary photographs of death march victims in western Bohemia. The exhumation was conducted on August 28th, 1945, in the town of Teplá near Mariánské Lázně.

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  2. Czech
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Statement no. 4

Deathmarch in western Bohemia documentary photographs and exhumation

Teplá near Mariánské Lázně, September 4th, 1945

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Documentary photographs of the so-called death march in western Bohemia. The exhumation conducted on August 28th, 1945 in the town of Teplá near Mariánské Lázně, among other places.

The exhumation was conducted by:

Senior doctor and director of the municipal hospital in Plzeň, Mudr. A. Čech

Regional doctor Mudr. Dobroslav Svoboda from Mariánské Lázně

Head of the O.S.L. office in the town of Teplá, police commander Boh. Nebázlivý

Chairman of the O.S.K. Josef Marel

Representatives of the National Security Corps

Representatives of the garrison

Representatives of the US Army

Representatives of the Documentation Campaign

Germans were made to dig up the dead bodies. The funeral was scheduled and took place on the same day at 6 o’clock in the evening. It was performed by a Catholic priest despite the fact that the dead were Jewish.

Photographed by Mr. Second Lieutenant Robert M. Singer.

Received by the Documentation Campaign on: 4. 9. 1945

On behalf of the archive: Alex Schmiedt

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no. 1. The exhumation begins. Local Germans, mostly murderers from the SS, unearth the first corpses.

no. 2. 1. Unearthed corpse.

no. 3. Another corpse. Skull with a bullet hole.

no. 4. Another corpse. Broken collarbone.

no. 5. Closeup of a corpse.

no. 6. The remains of the victims of torture displayed at the cemetery near the town of Teplá.

no. 7. The corpses of the victims of torture displayed at the cemetery near the town of Teplá.

no. 8. Allied speech on the main square in the town of Teplá.

no. 9. Allied speech on the main square in the town of Teplá.

no. 10. Funeral procession.

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Protokol č. 4

Pochod smrti v západních Čechách dokumentární fotografie a exhumace

Teplá u Mariánských Lázní,4. září 1945

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Dokumentární fotografie z takzvaného pochodu smrti ze západních Čech. Exhumace provedena dne 28. 8. 1945 m.j. ve městě Teplá u Mariánských Lázní.

Exhumaci provedli:

Primář a ředitel městské nemocnice v Plzni, Mudr. A. Čech

Okresní lékař Mudr. Dobroslav Svoboda z Mariánských Lázní

Vedoucí úřadu O.S.L. ve městě Teplá, komp. pol. správy Boh. Nebázlivý

Předseda O.S.K. Josef Marel

zástupci SNB

zástupci posádky

zástupci americké armády

zástupci Dokumentační akce

K vyhrabání mrtvol byli určeni zajištění Němci. Pohřeb stanoven a proveden v tentýž den v 18 hodin. Byl upraven katolickým knězem, přesto, že se jednalo o židovské mrtvé.

Fotografoval pan podporučík Robert M. Singer.

Dokumentační akci došlo dne: 4. 9. 1945

Za archiv: Alex Schmiedt

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č. 1. Započato s exhumací. Místní Němci, většinou vrazi z SS vyhrabávají první mrtvoly.

č. 2. 1. mrtvola vyhrabána.

č. 3. Další mrtvola. Lebeční kost prostřelena.

č. 4. Další mrtvola. Klíční kost zlomena.

č. 5. Mrtvola zblízka.

č. 6. Na hřbitově u města Teplá vystavené ostatky umučených.

č. 7. Na hřbitově v městě Teplá vystavené mrtvoly umučených.

č. 8. Spojenecký projev na náměstí v městě Teplá.

č. 9. Spojenecký projev na náměstí v městě Teplá.

č. 10. Pohřební průvod.

References

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The Czech lands (Bohemia, Moravia and Czech Silesia) were part of the Habsburg monarchy until the First World War, and of the Czechoslovak Republic between 1918 and 1938. Following the Munich Agreement in September 1938, the territories along the German and Austrian frontier were annexed by Germany (and a small part of Silesia by Poland). Most of these areas were reorganized as the Reichsgau Sudetenland, while areas in the West and South were attached to neighboring German Gaue. After these terr...
This collection originated as a documentation of the persecution and genocide of Jews in the Czech lands excluding the archival materials relating to the history of the Terezín ghetto, which forms a separate collection. The content of the collection comprises originals, copies and transcripts of official documents and personal estates, as well as prints, newspaper clippings, maps, memoirs and a small amount of non-written material. The Documents of Persecution collection is a source of informati...